The Fundamental Principles of Communism

Communism is a branch of socialism, a system of government that stresses on the state’s ownership of all the means of production and equal distribution of wealth among the masses. Communism opposes the unequal distribution of wealth and income inequality clearly orchestrated by capitalism. It decries the misery and penury to which the Proletariat is subjected by the Bourgeois and therefore presents a solution to remedy the situation. The fundamental principles of communism drafted by Karl Marx in 1848 provide the tenets of Marx’s ideal form of communism and his road map to achieve a utopian society.

The industrial revolution that occurred in the 18th century created untold imbalance in wealth distribution among the masses. The proletariats have to depend on the bourgeois for survival and the cost of labor continues to diminish. Clearly, in a capitalist state, the rich get richer while the poor get poorer. Marx identified this imbalance and therefore proposes a system in which the state would have an absolute power and control of the system. Giving untold power to the state, including the means of production will prevent certain individuals from dominating the industries.

Marx argued that a utopian system could be achieved in three phase. The first phase would be the overthrow of the existing capitalist government. According to Marx, this should involve a complete destruction of the system. In the second phase, a dictator should arise who wields untold power and should have control over the citizen’s choice including their religion, education, employment, marriage and so forth. This should lead to the third phase and during this phase, the utopia would be achieved. This phase would involve the destruction of non-communists and everyone would share wealth and property to attain the utopia.

The principle stresses on government’s appropriation of landed property and covering state expenditures with the rent from land. The government would determine the labor and wealth distribution while each member of the society is taxed with high progressive income tax. Furthermore, it would abolish rights of inheritance, ownership of property by rebels and immigrants and stipulate the institution of a central bank, state-owned transportation, state-owned factories and so forth.